شبکه های تولید و زنجیره های تأمین: دیدگاه راهبردی عملیات

نوع مقاله: مطالعه موردی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد دماوند

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مدیریت

چکیده

هدف از این مقاله، تجزیه و تحلیل شبکه­های تولید و زنجیره­ای تأمین از دیدگاه راهبردی عملیات است. این دو حوزه به­طور سنتی به­عنوان تحقیقات جداگانه مورد بررسی  قرار می­گیرند، اما با جهانی شدن بازارها و عملیات برای بررسی امکانات شبکه نیاز است که این رشته­های (زمینه­های) مکمل به­صورت ادغام شده بررسی شود. در این مقاله دو بخش تحقیقاتی موجود براساس دو دسته تصمیم­گیری ساختاری در راهبرد عملیات بررسی می­شود. یعنی امکانات و راهبرد یکپارچه­سازی عمودی3 یک نوع  توپولوژی برای تجزیه و تحلیل سیستم­های شبکه را براساس چهار ساختار بنیادی شبکه ارائه می­دهد. هماهنگ­سازی فعالیت­های داخل شبکه مشروط به (وابسته به) ساختار شبکه است که منجر به ایجاد چهار پیشنهاد یا رویکرد هماهنگ­سازی می­شود. تجزیه و تحلیل ساختار و هماهنگی می­تواند به­عنوان پایه­ای برای تحقیقات بیشتر در زمینه تئوری یکپارچه­سازی شبکه تولید و زنجیره تأمین استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Manufacturing Networks and Supply Chains: an Operations Strategy Perspective

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Nazeri 1
  • Setareh Miladirad 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Damavand Branch
2 M.Sc. in industrial Management, Department of Management, Islamic Azad University, Damavand Branch
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this paper is to analyze manufacturing networks and supply chains from an operations strategy perspective. These two areas have traditionally been treated as separate research tracks, but with the ongoing globalization of markets and operations there is a need to integrate these complementary disciplines to study networks of facilities. In this paper we examine the two research areas based on two structural decision categories in an operations strategy, i.e., facilities and vertical integration. We present a typology for the analysis of network systems resulting in four basic network configurations. Coordination of activities within the network is contingent upon the configuration, thus resulting in four coordination approaches. The configuration and coordination analysis can be used as a foundation for further research in the context of integrating manufacturing network and supply chain theory.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Global Manufacturing
  • Logistics
  • Operations Management
  • Operations Strategy
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Value Network
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