بررسی مقایسه‌ای روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری برون‌سپاری؛ با تمرکز بر برون‌سپاری فعالیت‌های لجستیکی

نوع مقاله: مروری

چکیده

مسئله سنتی تصمیم‌گیری ساخت یا خرید، که امروزه تحت عناوین منبع‌یابی، برون‌سپاری، و یا پیمان‌سپاری نیز مطرح است، از موضوعاتی است که سازمان‌های مدرن به طور گسترده‌ای، با آن مواجه هستند. مدیران تجاری و صنعتی برای بهره‌مندی از منافع حاصل از برون‌سپاری، لازم است که در انتخاب فعالیت‌های کاندید سازمان/زنجیره تامین خود برای برون‌سپاری، ابعاد مختلف این تصمیم را در یک ساختار سیستماتیک، مورد توجه قرار دهند. موضوع مهمی که در استفاده از برون‌سپاری مطرح است، آن است که یک سازمان چگونه تصمیم بگیرد چه فعالیتی را برون‌سپاری کند و چه فعالیتی را خود انجام دهد؟ تحقیقات آکادمیک قابل‌ ملاحظه‌ای در زمینه استفاده از برون‌سپاری در فعالیت‌های ساخت محصول موجود است، اما متاسفانه مطالعات محدودی، در زمینه برون‌سپاری خدمات صورت گرفته است. در این مقاله ضمن معرفی و تشریح جوانب کاربردی تکنیک‌ها و رویکردهای تصمیم‌گیری برون‌سپاری، مزایا، معایب و زمینه کاربرد هر یک از آن‌ها بررسی می‌شوند. هم‌چنین با تمرکز بر برون‌سپاری لجستیک، معیارهایی که بایستی در مدل تصمیم‌گیری برون‌سپاری فعالیت‌های لجستیکی در نظر گرفته شوند، مطرح می‌گردد. با توجه به نوپا بودن برون‌سپاری لجستیک در کشورمان، مقاله حاضر می‌تواند بستر علمی و کاربردی حائز اهمیتی را برای مدیران فراهم آورد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the outsourcing decision-making procedures; Focusing on outsourcing logistic activities

چکیده [English]

Today the traditional problem of decision making, make or buy, is discussed as source selection, sourcing, or outsourcing, and is of the issues that modern organizations widely face it. Commercial and industrial managers should choose the candidate activities of the organization/ supply chain for outsourcing by a decision making process in a systematic structure to enjoy from the benefits of outsourcing. An important issue in outsourcing that should be considered is that how an organization decides which activities to outsource and which done by its own? Significant academic researches in the use of outsourcing in producing activities are available, but unfortunately few studies in the field of outsourcing services have been made. This paper introduced applied aspects of techniques and approaches of outsourcing decision making, advantages, disadvantages and fields of application of each of them. Also, focusing on logistics outsourcing, criteria that should considered in the model of decision-making for outsourcing logistic activities are discussed. This paper can provide a decent practical and scientific context for managers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Outsourcing
  • decision making methods
  • Logistic activities

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