عنوان مقاله [English]
Traceability is an ability of system to provide status reports or records pertaining of the current situation in the past. In production systems, Traceability to track the product or lot of a product and access to records in the entire production process (or part of the process) of the raw material to finished product that purchased and consumed by customer will be applied. Traceability in production is a general issue and is independent of the type of product and production process. requirement to identify products and access to their information in order to identify health and high quality products and their suppliers and recognition of them from less quality and counterfeit products has led to today's traceability be considered as a requirement by the government and customers of most products. This capability is essential part of quality systems and related information systems have a major role in feed of supply chain information systems. This paper describes the requirement of product traceability in supply chain, benefits and functions, types and ways to track of products, models and finally data requirement for track, provide a total comprehensive model for developing and implementing of tracking system in the supply chain that regardless of the supply chain aspects, defining its scope, diversity of products and production processes capable to support the recall plan, provide effectively and preventive manage of materials and production processes, support Optimization of Supply Chain Management and solutions offered in this area, support other information systems in supply chain interactions. Research Method used to intercept based on thinking on the international standard tracking models, opinions of operational managers and information systems developers and provide a complete picture of the tracking system entities in the integrated supply chain.
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